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Hospital Units in CBI
China-Burma-India Theater of World War II



 Seagrave Hospital Unit
SEAGRAVE HOSPITAL UNIT AT TAGAP GA, BURMA IN AUGUST OF 1943

HOSPITALS    MAP    TYPES    PICTURES    ORDERS    STORY    NURSES







Hospital Units in the China-Burma-India Theater (1942-1946)

HOSPITAL UNIT LOCATION YEARS
14th EVAC. HOSPITAL LEDO ROAD MILE 19 1943-45
18th GENERAL HOSPITAL LEDO - MYITKYINA 1945
19th EVAC. HOSPITAL CHINA - BURMA UNKNOWN
20th GENERAL HOSPITAL MARGHERITA (NEAR LEDO) 1943-45
21st FIELD HOSPITAL PAO-SHAN 1945
22nd FIELD HOSPITAL CHAN-I, CHINA 1945
24th STATION HOSPITAL JORHAT 1945
25th FIELD HOSPITAL LEDO - LASHIO 1943-45
27th FIELD HOSPITAL UNKNOWN UNKNOWN
28th PORT. SURGICAL HOSPITAL CHINA (CHINA DRAGONS) 1943-45
30th STATION HOSPITAL PANAGARH 1943
32nd PORT. SURGICAL HOSPITAL CHINA 1943
34th PORT. SURGICAL HOSPITAL HUNAN, CHINA 1943
35th PORT. SURGICAL HOSPITAL CHINA 1943
40th PORT. SURGICAL HOSPITAL Y-FORCE YUNNAN PROVINCE 1943-45
42nd PORT. SURGICAL HOSPITAL LEDO (1943) - MYITKYINA (1944) 1943-45
43rd PORT. SURGICAL HOSPITAL KAMAING, BURMA 1944-45
44th FIELD HOSPITAL BHAMO, BURMA 1945
45th PORT. SURGICAL HOSPITAL KAMAING-MOGAUNG, BURMA - KWEILIN-LUICHOW-SHANGHAI-FORMOSA, CHINA 1943-45
46th PORTABLE HOSPITAL LEDO (1943) - HSIPAW, BURMA (1944) 1943-46
47th GENERAL HOSPITAL NEW GUINEA - TENGCHUNG, BURMA 1944-45
48th EVAC. HOSPITAL RAMGARH - NEAR MARGHERITA - MYITKYINA 1943-45
48th PORT. SURGICAL HOSPITAL CHINA - INDIA UNKNOWN
49th PORT. SURGICAL HOSPITAL BURMA 1944
50th PORT. SURGICAL HOSPITAL CHINA 1943
53rd PORT. SURGICAL HOSPITAL CHINA 1943
58th PORT. SURGICAL HOSPITAL MYITKYINA 1944
63rd GENERAL HOSPITAL UNKNOWN UNKNOWN
69th GENERAL HOSPITAL MARGHERITA (NEAR LEDO) 1945
70th FIELD HOSPITAL LEDO - CHENGTU - KUNMING - CALCUTTA 1944
71st FIELD HOSPITAL BOMBAY - KANCHRAPARA 1944-45
72nd FIELD HOSPITAL TEZPUR, INDIA (1944) - YENSHAN, CHINA 1944-45
73rd EVAC. HOSPITAL LEDO (1943) - SHINGBWIYANG (1944) 1943-45
94th STATION HOSPITAL PIARDOBA 1945
95th STATION HOSPITAL CHUBUA 1943 - KUNMING 1943-45 1943-45
97th STATION HOSPITAL AGRA 1942
98th STATION HOSPITAL RAMGARH (1942) - CHAKULIA (1943) - SHINGBWIYANG (1945) 1942-45
99th STATION HOSPITAL GAYA 1942
100th STATION HOSPITAL NEW DELHI 1942-45
111th STATION HOSPITAL CHABUA (then became 234th) 1943
112th STATION HOSPITAL KARACHI - CALCUTTA 1943-45
118th GENERAL HOSPITAL KARACHI UNKNOWN
142nd GENERAL HOSPITAL FIJI ISLAND - CALCUTTA 1943-45
159th STATION HOSPITAL KARACHI 1942
172nd GENERAL HOSPITAL KUNMING - SHANGHAI (1945-46) 1945-46
178th STATION HOSPITAL LALMANIRHAT UNKNOWN
181st GENERAL HOSPITAL KARACHI 1943
198th STATION HOSPITAL DACCA UNKNOWN
234th GENERAL HOSPITAL CHABUA (started as 111th) 1945
263rd GENERAL HOSPITAL KARACHI - CALCUTTA (replaced by 142nd) 1943
335th STATION HOSPITAL LEDO ROAD MILE 80, TAGAP GA, BURMA 1944
371st STATION HOSPITAL RAMGARH 1942-45
372nd STATION HOSPITAL KALIAKUNDA UNKNOWN
383rd STATION HOSPITAL TAGAP GA, BURMA 1944
455th FIELD HOSPITAL (Started as 172nd, 455th in 1949) 1943-45
498th HOSPITAL SHIP NAVY U.S.S. COMFORT 1944-45
594th MEDICAL HOSPITAL UNKNOWN UNKNOWN
803rd MEDICAL AIR EVAC. CHABUA, ASSAM, INDIA 1944-45
SEAGRAVES HOSPITAL UNIT NAMKHAM (prior to 1942) - RAMGARH (1942) - MYITKYINA (1944) 1942-45


PRINTABLE TABLE


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 Click for printable map
Services of Supply (SOS) U.S. Army Hospital Units in India, northern Burma and China during the first half of 1945.

PRINTABLE MAP






U.S. Army Hospital Types - Table of Organization

HOSPITAL TYPE PATIENT CAPACITY OFFICERS NURSES ENLISTED TOTAL NOTE
GENERAL 1000 75 120 500 692  
EVACUATION 750 47 52 318 417  
CONVALESCENT 3000 28 0 189 217  
SURGICAL 400 50 60 275 385  
FIELD 400 22 18 182 222  
STATION 750 49 90 390 529 for Station with 15,000 troops
STATION 500 35 60 275 370 for Station with 10,000 troops
STATION 250 20 30 150 200 for Station with 5,000 troops
Station Hospitals of 250 or less beds were commanded by a Lt. Colonel. All other Hospitals by a Colonel.
Station Hospitals were allocated in varying sizes down to 50 beds.




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Images of China-Burma-India Theater Hospitals

 Doctors operate at the 20th General Hospital
Doctors operate at the 20th General Hospital.







 Nurses quarters
Nurses quarters at the 20th General Hospital, August 1945.







 Isidor S. Ravdin portrait by Milton Caniff
Dr. Isidor S. Ravdin, Commander 20th General Hospital, 1945.







 Dr. Ravdin receives Legion of Merit
Brig. Gen. Lewis Pick awards Legion of Merit to Dr. Ravdin.







 General Stilwell and Dr. Ravdin visit wounded soldier
General Stilwell and Dr. Ravdin visit wounded soldier.







 14th General Hospital
14th Evacuation Hospital at Mile 19 on the Ledo Road.







 25th Field Hospital
An injured Chinese soldier is treated at the 25th Field Hospital in northern Burma, 1944.







 73rd Evacuation Hospital
73rd Evacuation Hospital at Shingbwiyang, Burma, Mile 103 on the Ledo Road.







 Headquarters of the 142nd General Hospital
Headquarters of the 142nd General Hospital at Calcutta. Commanding officer Col. Howard S. McConkin is at right.
Other officers (l-r) Lt. Gen. Raymond A. Wheeler, Maj. Gen. Horace H. Fuller, Brig. Gen. Robert Neyland.







 Seagrave Hospital Unit
Seagrave Hospital Unit at Tagap Ga, Burma, August 1943.







 Seagrave Hospital Unit
Seagrave Hospital Unit with Burmese nurses at Shingbwiyang, Burma, Christmas 1943.







 Dr. Gordon S. Seagrave
Dr. Gordon S. Seagrave The Burma Surgeon







 Dr. Seagrave operating
Dr. Seagrave operates in Burma







 Dr. Seagrave with Burmese nurses
Dr. Seagrave amuses Burmese nurses during lecture on anatomy







 Dr. Seagrave with Burmese nurses
Shower rigged using drums, bamboo pipes and perforated cans as the shower head.







 Dr. Seagrave with Burmese nurses
Outside Admission Office







 Dr. Seagrave with Burmese nurses
Doctor examines Chinese patient







 Medical air evacuation
Evacuation of wounded by air was relatively new to warfare during the Second World War.


FULL SCREEN PICTURES





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Nurses in the China-Burma-India Theater

  A small number of Army nurses were stationed in Army hospitals in China, Burma, and India throughout 1943 and 1944, where they treated the American and Chinese troops who were pushing into southern China along the Ledo Road. At the time, the road was the sole overland lifeline for military supplies to Chiang Kai-shek's Chinese Nationalist Army, which was fighting a war of survival against Japan.

  American nurses and Chinese patients experienced a clash of cultures which made the nurses' jobs difficult. The Chinese patients had difficulty understanding the concept of a "high-type" woman performing "menial" bedside care. The nurses found it hard to maintain proper discipline among the wards because the Chinese did not feel it necessary to follow a woman's orders. A nurse assigned to the 20th General Hospital remembered that her Chinese patients insisted on supplying their own food while in the hospital.  Click to view poster The result was "orange peels, egg shells, chicken feathers, and vegetable peelings piled high beside each bed." Nurses could not keep their seriously sick patients in bed. "They wandered off to the bazaar in their pajamas to haggle over fresh vegetables, and live ducks and chickens, which they brought back to the wards and kept under their beds." Many patients refused to consume their atabrine tablets and contracted malaria. The most serious problem the nurses had, however, was that Chinese patients with contagious diseases refused to remain isolated from their fellows and thus inadvertently spread diseases throughout the hospital.

  For every Allied soldier wounded in the struggle for Burma in 1943, 120 fell sick. The malarial rate that year was a staggering 84 percent of total manpower. The Army sprayed DDT on mosquito infested areas and ordered all personnel to wear protective clothing after dusk regardless of the temperature. Troops were issued daily medication to protect them against malaria. Scrub typhus, a disease spread by mites, posed another problem. This disease demanded an extremely high level of nursing care and had a 30 percent fatality rate. Although the Army attempted to employ DDT to control the spread of the disease, it had minimal success. Troops also suffered from exhaustion, malnutrition, and amoebic dysentery. Plane crashes and truck accidents occurred frequently across this difficult terrain. Nurses stationed in isolated jungle hospitals in the India-Burma Theater worked under primitive conditions in an extremely trying climate. Many served in the theater longer than the traditional two-year assignment and suffered from low morale. They performed a necessary task but often received little recognition in this demanding but forgotten theater of war.

  In February 1945 U.S. troops liberated the sixty-seven Army nurses who had been imprisoned in Santo Tomas internment Camp since 1942 and evacuated them to a convalescent hospital on Leyte. Although suffering from malnutrition and beriberi, they recovered from their ordeal fairly quickly. The duty they performed in combat and the hardships they endured as prisoners of war are testaments to the professionalism of the entire Army Nurse Corps throughout the war.

  World War II ended with the surrender of Japan in September 1945, and Army nurses stationed around the world began planning to return home. They could look back on their service with great pride. Their accomplishments were many. Nurses had been a part of every link in the chain of evacuation established in every theater of the war. Their work contributed significantly to the low mortality rate experienced by American casualties of all types.

  Nurses received 1,619 medals, citations, and commendations during the war, reflecting the courage and dedication of all who served. Sixteen medals were awarded posthumously to nurses who died as a result of enemy fire. These included the 6 nurses who died at Anzio, 6 who died when the Hospital Ship Comfort was attacked by a Japanese suicide plane, and 4 flight nurses. Thirteen other flight nurses died in weather-related crashes while on duty. Overall, 201 nurses died while serving in the Army during the war.

  Army nurses returning to civilian life discovered a changed post war society. The place of women in American society had been irrevocably altered and expanded by the entrance of women into professional and industrial jobs previously reserved for men. Most important for nurses, however, was society's enhanced perception of nursing as a valued profession. The critical need for nurses and the federally funded Cadet Nurse Corps program had been well publicized during the war. Upon their return home, Army nurses were eligible for additional education under the G.I. Bill of Rights, which would enable them to pursue professional educational goals.

  Veteran nurses also brought home with them valuable skills and experiences, increasing their professional status and self-esteem. The Army had trained significant numbers of nurses in specialties such a s anesthesia and psychiatric care, and nurses who had served overseas had acquired practical experience otherwise unobtainable. Those assigned to field and evacuation hospitals had become accustomed to taking the initiative, making quick decisions, and adopting innovative solutions to a broad range of medical-related problems. They had learned organizational skills by moving and setting up field and evacuation hospitals while following the troops and had developed teaching and supervisory skills while training the corpsmen under their command. Paperwork no longer intimidated them, as circumstances had forced them to deal with increasingly complex administrative chores.

  The Army nurse's experience forced her to grow professionally and gave her the self-confidence and opportunity to pursue her career when she returned to the United States. She came home to a society that was ready to accept nurses as professional members of the United States health care system. World War II had forever changed the face of military nursing.

PRINTABLE STORY

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Orders for Nurses of the 20th General Hospital


R E S T R I C T E D



      SPECIAL ORDERS )                             HEADQUARTERS THIRD CORPS AREA
                     )                                  UNITED STATES ARMY
                     )                                  BALTIMORE,MARYLAND
      NUMBER     111 )                                     May 9, 1942.


E X T R A C T

*          *          *          *          *          *


    1. Pursuant to instructions contained in ltr, SGO, Washington, DC, SPMCN 211 (Nurses - 20th General Hosp)K, subject: ANC, 5 May 1942, and authority contained in 1st Ind, WD, A.G. 210.3 Nurses (5-5-42)0A, 6 May 1942, each of the following named nurses asgd to 20th Gen Hosp, will proceed on or about 17 May 1942, fr Philadelphia, Pa, to Camp Claiborne, La, reporting on arrival there at to the CO for asgmt to temp duty at the Sta Hosp pending shipment of the 20th Gen Hosp:


[List of Nurses]


The travel directed is necessary in the military service. FD 31 P-02 A 0425-23; QM 1624 P 57-07 A 0525-2. In lieu of actual expenses for subsistence a per diem of $4.00 is prescribed. Travel by privately owned conveyance (AR 35-4820) is authorized.

                                                               (210.3 Nurses)

*          *          *          *          *          *



R E S T R I C T E D


COPY OF ORIGINAL ORDERS






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Nurses in the CBI Theater

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 

 Below are a few brief resumes of U.S. Army nurses who served in the China-Burma-India Theater. Unfortunately some are no longer with us, but their contribution to medical care in CBI is important to be admired and remembered with love...

KATHRYNE STOLTS ABNER
  I joined the Army Nurse Corps Reserves and was called to active duty in October, 1941. I sailed on the SS Brazil in March of 1942 as a member of the 159th Station Hospital and arrived in Karachi in May. Sent on detached service to Bombay at the embarkation hospital. Returned home in June, 1944 with a plane load of patients.

MARGARET MOORE ACREE
  69th General Hospital

MILDRED (SUTTER) ALEXANDER
  112th Station Hosp. Calcutta; 263rd Gen. Hosp. and, the 98th Station Hosp., Chakulia.

LT. COL. EDNA K. ARK
  Entered the Army in February, 1942 and was assigned to the 59th Station Hospital which arrived in India, 1943. It became the 181st General Hospital. I returned to the U.S. in August, 1945 and made a career of the Army Nurse Corps. Retired as a Lt. Col. after 20 years service.

MICKEY FLEMMING AUSTIN
  172nd General Hospital

MAJOR DORCUS C. AVERY
  I was chief nurse at the 159th Station Hospital in Karachi, India. There were 90 nurses in the unit. This was the first U.S. Army Hospital in India. I retired from the Army in 1947.

MARY C. AXMAN
  142nd hospital, Lake Dhakuria, India (Retired as Major).

MARY L. BARBERO
  I entered the Army Nurse Corp in May, 1943 and served in the CBI Theater starting in January, 1945. I was stationed at the 372nd Station Hospital, Kalakunid; the 178th Station Hospital, Lalmanirhat; the 20th General Hospital, Assam, India; 98th Station Hospital Shingbwingang, Burma; the 70th Field Hospital in Kunming, China. I was relieved from Active duty in March 1946 and retired from the Army Reserve in 1973 with 30 years of service.

ALICE LHOTKA BAUER
  172nd General Hospital

ANNE NOREEN BAUER
  112th Station Hosp. Calcutta Surgical Supervisor.

JEAN RICHARDS BECK
  30th Station Hospital

CATHERINE (MILLER) BECKER
  159th Station Hosp. which later became the 181st Gen. Hosp. at Camp Milar, India.

MAE BISSELL
  Immediately after December 7th, 1941, I took my oath of allegiance and joined the Station Hospital, Lemoore ACB, California. After much training, we flew to Karachi, India in December of 1944, stationed at Malir. In February of 1945 went to Ledo, attached to the 69th General Hospital and were neighbors of the 20th General Hospital and General Pick’s Headquarters. I flew the Hump to the 95th field hospital in China which was later re-named the 172nd General Hospital. In September 1945 we took the troops to Shanghai and set up our final hospital operation. I returned to the U.S. aboard the USS Scott, rejoined the reserves, 352nd General Hospital until retirement in 1964.

MARJORIE EVERITT BLACK
  20th General Hospital

DORIS BLEDSOE
  20th General Hospital

ELEANOR M. BLOCH
  172nd General Hospital

SALLIE HILL BONAR
  181st Gen. Hosp. Karachi and 20th Gen. Hosp. in Ledo.

WINIFRED R. BORAN
  142nd General Hospital

EDNA A. BOWERS
  72nd Field Hospital

BETTE (MARIE BOSTRAND) BOWIE
  48th Evac. Hosp. Myitkyina, Burma.

MARGIE E. BOYD
  172nd General Hospital

VALENA BOYD
  159th Station Hosp. which became the 181st Gen. Hosp. Chief Nurse.

MARY C. BOYLE
  172nd General Hospital

FRANCES COONS BUCK
  73rd Evac. Hospital

FERN BUNDE
  48th Evac. Hospital

 Dorothy Cabiniss DOROTHY A. CABINISS
  1st Lt. Dorothy A. Cabaniss, was recruited from Charlotte Memorial Hospital, Charlotte, N.C. by Dr. Addison G. Brenizer who was organizing a base hospital unit. Nov. 10, 1942 she joined the Army Nurse Corps and took the oath of office. Nov. 21, 1942 she arrived at Lawson General Hospital, Atlanta, Ga. Jan. 21, 1943 they were sent to Camp Wheeler, Macon, Ga., for training. They were forming the 111th General Hospital. They left Camp Wheeler and arrived at Camp Anza, Calif. July 6th, 1943. They sailed on the US Army transport Uruguay on August 3, 1943. They arrived Sept. 10, 1943 in Bombay, India. On Sept. 13th they boarded His Majesty's Troop ship The Nevasa and sailed for Calcutta. Then they rode an Indian river boat from Dhubrito to Pandu. They stopped and spent time at a Baptist Mission Hospital. Then they rode an Indian train and arrived at Chabua. On Oct. 5, 1943 they had the 111th General Hospital up and running with 165 patients. A year later they had 900 patients. Dorothy was stationed there until Oct. 1945, when she came back to the States and was stationed at Battey General Hospital until she was out of the Army.

LOUISE R. CAMDEN
  Major, Chief Nurse, 69th General Hosp., Ledo.  See In Her Own Words.

BLANCHE J. CAMPBELL
  100th Station Hosp., New Delhi.

 Polly Chandler POLLY CHANDLER
  371st Station Hospital (Ramgarh Post Hospital)

JEAN C. CHEATHAM
  142nd General Hospital

RUTH L. CHMURA
  100th Station Hospital

GERALDINE A. CLARK
  4th Field and 181st General Hospitals

HELEN L. CLARK
  172nd General Hospital

MARY L. CLARK
  69th General Hospital

MAJOR AUDREY B. COCHRAN
  I was called to active duty in January 1941 and left in September, 1942 for service in Africa, Egypt, Palestine and Persia. After further assignment in the U.S. I flew to Karachi, India and although eligible to return, remained for duty at the 100th Station Hospital in New Delhi, the 98th Station Hospital, Piradoba and 142nd General Hospital in Calcutta. I returned to active duty with the Air Force for 16 years, serving in Alaska and Germany and then retired.

EDNA E. COLEY
  97th Station Hospital

RUTH HARRIS COLLINS
  263rd General Hospital

JESSIE R. COOPER
  172nd General Hospital

WILLIE JO COUCH
  172nd General Hospital

GRACE KINDING COULSON
  20th General Hospital

MARY COUP
 

EVELYN W. CRANE  (EVELYN E. WEIGOLD)
  The 48th Evac. Hospital was activated as a unit from the Rhode Island Hospital on September 1, 1942 and left for India on January 20, 1943, aboard the USS Monticello with the 20th General Hospital of Philadephia and the 76th Evac. Hospital of Los Angeles General Hospital. Arrived at Bombay on March 4 and all three hospital units were sent to Ledo. Some of our unit stayed at Ledo while a larger group was sent to Ramgarh, the training center for Chinese troops. Reunited with the Ledo group in June 1944 and moved to Myitkyina in October for the remainder of the war. Repatriated a few at a time beginning in May 1945. I was assigned to Camp Edwards on Cape Cod and then to Framingham General Hospital in Framingham, Mass. Finally discharged on November 4, 1945. I was in the Active Reserve in Washington, D.C. from 1958 until April of 1962 during which time I was promoted to Captain.

GRACE DAMIANI
  48th Evac. Hospital

MARION DAVIDSON
 

YADVIKA (VIKI) H. DAVIDSON
  18th General Hospital

DOROTHY L. DAVIS
  172nd General Hospital

SOPHIE HELENE SIGAFOOS "BILLIE" DeBALL
  69th General Hosp.

BETTY M. DELAHANTY
  172nd General Hospital

AUDREY VOSKAMP DERR
  372nd Station Hospital

DORIS M. DONAHUE
  172nd General Hospital

SALLY V. DROWN
  172nd General Hospital

MARDAROT E. DUNN
  172nd General Hospital

MARY McHALE DUNNE
  I served in the CBI from 1940 to 1945 with the 118th General Hospital and 159th Station Hospital, Karachi.

CAPTAIN HELEN CASTLE DUPUY
  From 1943 to 1945 I was Head Physical Therapist at the 20th General Hospital, India. After World War II, I was stationed at Woodrow Wilson Army Hospital, Fort Dix Army Hospital and Walter Reed Army Hospital. In September, 1948, I retired as a Captain on a Medical Disability.

VICTORIA J. ECKLUND
  172nd General Hospital

MARGE ECKMAN
  35th General Hospital

CAROLINE (AVILA) EISSNER
  112th Station Hosp., Calcutta.

JOHNNIE R. ELLIS
  172nd General Hospital

MARJORIE FITZGERALD
  172nd General Hospital

JANE G. FLANAGIN
  172nd General Hospital

LUCILLE GOODWIN FLOWERS
  172nd General Hospital

MARY HELEN FOSTER
  159th Station Hospital

BESSIE MILLER FUCHS
  142nd General Hospital

MARY A. GALLAGHER
  172nd General Hospital

MILICENT (PHILIPSEN) GAMBER
  71st Field Hosp., Karachi.

NELLIE GARDNER
 

LaRETTA MATHEWS GARLAND
  95th Station Hospital. Awarded two Bronze Stars, one in India and one in China, for her service as a head nurse and flight nurse.

ELEANOR MILLS GIESELMAN
  142nd Gen. Hosp., Operating room nurse and worked with Mary Axman.

CHARLOTTE L. GIMMEY-KOCH
  181st Gen. Hosp., Karachi and Tezpur, Upper Assam.

JUNE E. GLASS
  172nd General Hospital

MARCI A. GOLDSMITH
  172nd General Hospital

LUCILLE GOODWIN
  172nd General Hospital

MARY CAMP GRAHAM
  Dietitian 73rd Evac. Hosp. Ledo and Shingbwiyang, Burma.

JANE GRANT
  172nd General Hospital

ETHEL S. GROSSMAN
  142nd General Hospital

ELIZABETH EMMONS GUSSAK
  We, the 69th General Hospital, shipped from Newport News, Virginia, April 1943 and arrived in Bombay, India. When arriving in Assam we were all on detached service and later reorganized and a few months later moved into our new area near Ledo. When the war in Europe ended we were sent to Okinawa to stage for the invasion of Japan. Unfortunately while in Okinawa we experienced the worst typhoon they had had in 30 years. We were released there and sent home arriving in Portland, Oregon in November 1945.

ESTHER M. HALVERSON
  97th Station Hospital

E. JANE HANKS
  A.V.G. 14th Air Force (Second nurse to be assigned to CBI)

MARY MARTINDALE HARPER
  159th Station Hospital and 181st General Hospital, Karachi (Sind Desert).

ELEANOR MAY BRADLEY HARRIS
  Sworn in at Fort Dix, November 1941 and joined the 159th Station Hospital in Virginia. Sailed from Ft. Moultree in March 1942 with 89 nurses and 5 Red Cross workers on the SS Brazil for 60 days and disembarked at Karachi, India in May 1942. Stationed at Malir 159th Station Hospital, later changed to the 181st General Hospital. Discharged in September, 1946 with the rank of Captain.

BRIG. GEN. ANNA MAE HAYES
  When World War II began, she volunteered for service in the Army Nurse Corps. She was assigned to the University of Pennsylvania Hospital Unit which emerged in India as the 20th General Hospital. Hayes stayed in the Army doing another stint of foreign service in Korea. She became the chief nurse in a series of Army hospitals including Walter Reed, advanced to the grade of Colonel and was selected to head the Army Nurse Coprs in September 1967. Several years later was promoted to Brig. General. General Hayes retired from the Army on August 31, 1971 with 30 years of service at which time General Westmoreland presented her with the Distinguished Service Medal.

GRETA M. HEAD
  21st Field Hospital

LOUISE HEENAHAN
  18th General Hospital

HELEN R. HEIL
  73rd Evacuation Hospital

ESTHER H. HEMMINGS
  172nd General Hospital

DORA M. HENNING
  73rd Evac. Hosp., Ledo and Shingbwiyang, Burma.

ELVA L. HILOR
  172nd General Hospital

ROSE SMITH HIRSCHY
  20th General Hospital

BETTY JO HOGAN
  172nd General Hospital

OLGA GOSTOVICH HOLLAWAY
  18th General Hospital, 181st General Hospital, Karachi (Debarkation).

MAJOR JANE E. (PETE) HOLSTEIN
  Joined the Army Nurse Corps in April, 1942 and reported to the 20th General Hospital. I sailed from Long Beach aboard the SS Monticello and arrived in Bombay, India in March 1943. Spent some time at Gauhati and then Margherita. Transferred to the 30th Station Hospital at Panagargh in October 1944 and left for the U.S. in July, 1945. Almost had to ditch the plane near Bermuda, but finally made it on 2 engines. I remained in the service over 20 years with tours in Puerto Rico and Germany. I temporarily retired in 1962 and permanently retired in 1967.

MARY E. HORVATH
  24th Station Hospital

ELWOOD P. HUDSON
  One of four male nurses who assisted in surgery at the 72nd Field Hospital in Tezpur, India. He had nurse training at St. Vincent's Hospital in New York City. Basic Training was at Camp Barkley, Texas, where the 72nd was activated. He then went to Camp Roberts, Calif., for additional training and experience with the new surgeons assigned to his group. The Field Hospital was shipped to Miami by train and then flown over the South Atlantic to India, where they boarded another train for the trip to Tezpur. He also worked at the American Military Hospital in conjunction with the Baptist Mission Hospital where he met Dr. Grace Seagraves (sister of the Burma Surgeon). For a while he was a surgical nurse at the 24th Station Hospital in Jorhat and NCOIC of an orthopedic ward at the 234th General Hospital in Chabua. He sailed home in 1946 on the General Hershey.

JOSEPHINE R. IORIO
  172nd General Hospital

LUCILLE JACOBS
  172nd General Hospital

ELLEN M. JANDA
  172nd General Hospital

MERLE B. JENSEN
  172nd General Hospital

DEPHANE A. JENSON
  172nd General Hospital

MARGARET JENSON
  172nd General Hospital

ANNABELLE M. KELLER
  69th General Hospital

MARGARET T. KENEY
  172nd General Hospital

COL. MARION HERN KENNEDY
  I was commissioned in April 1942 and assigned in May 1942 to the 20th General Hospital. In March 1943 I arrived at Bombay, India and then went on to Poona. Upon return to the U.S. August, 1945, I was discharged from military service, but returned to active duty in August, 1953. My assignments included 4 years (1963-67) with Army General Staff and 1 year (1967-68) with the Department of Defense. I retired in January, 1972 after a total of 22˝ years active service.

MARION M. KERBY
  172nd General Hospital

LT. COL. ILA M. KIDD, ANC
  Joined the Army Nurse corps in November 1942, and after service in the Panama Canal Zone, arrived in Karachi in July 1945. Assigned to the 181st General Hospital then in August 1945 went via Ledo to 18th General Hospital in Myitkyina. Worked in 2 acute wards for Typhus Fever while there. Returned to the U.S. in December 1945 and later discharged. Joined the active reserve in 1948 and retired in 1970 as a Lt. Col., rated as a head nurse and supervising nurse.

NELLIE FERRELL GARDNER KIMLIN
  20th Gen. Hospital, Ledo, Assam.

MARGARET HORTON KNOECKLEIN
  20th Gen. Hospital, Ledo.

CHARLOTTE KOCH
  72nd Field Hospital

MARY ANN KOONTZ
  18th General Hospital

MARGARET M. KOSKO
  172nd General Hospital

KATHERINE DISTIN KRAJICK
  72nd Field Hospital, Tezpur.

ANNE MARY KUBES
  172nd General Hospital

KATHRYN L. KURKA
  73rd Evac. Hospital

MARIE E. LANGLOIS
  172nd General Hospital

RUTH W. LEDBETTER
  20th General and 181st General Hospitals

KIRSTI LUNDE
  172nd General Hospital

IRENE LUTY
  172nd General Hospital

DOROTHY E. MADISON
  172nd General Hospital

JANE SMITH MALARKEY
  Chief Nurse, Train Pool transporting sick and wounded coast to coast to medical centers.

EVELYN A. MANGUS
  20th General and 25th Field Hospitals

ELIZABETH S. MARR
  72nd General Hospital

IRENE MARSH
  172nd General Hospital

MARIOTTA MARTIN
  172nd General Hospital

MARY R. MAYEAUX
  234th General Hospital

CHARLOTTO LeROY MAYNARD
  172nd General Hospital

LEONIA M. MAZZONI
  172nd General Hospital

DOROTHY L. (SPEIDEL) McFERRON
  69th Gen. Hosp. Ledo, Assam.

GLORIA FINA McFETRIDGE
  69th Gen. Hospital.

WINIFRED M. McGEE
  172nd General Hospital

MARGARET R. McMANUS
  181st General Hospital

ESTHER J. McNEAL
  69th General Hospital

ANGEL MENENDEZ
  20th General Hospital

FLORENCE BRUNNER MICHAELS
  73rd Evac Hospital

VIRGINA R. MILUM
  172nd General Hospital

MILLIE MIRICK
  20th General and 42nd General Hospitals

MARY E. MOLONEY
  172nd General Hospital

MILDRED A. MORAVEC
  172nd General Hospital

LEE C. MOREHOOD
  172nd General Hospital

EDITH F. MOWAT
  172nd General Hospital

SARAH L. NEAL
  172nd General Hospital

LT. COLONEL MARGARET NELSON
  Landed in Calcutta, August 5th 1945. Assigned to 198th Station Hospital, Dacca, India August 12, 1945 which was closed in January 1946. Reassigned to the General Hospital in Karachi, January 6, 1946 which was closed end of January 1946. Awarded the Bronze Star for her service.

EVELYN SIMPSON NEU
  159th Station Hospital and 181st General Hospital, Karachi.

REGINA S. NEWMAN
  371st Station Hospital, Ramgarh.

MARGUERITE NOUTARY
  18th General Hospital and 172nd General Hospital, Kunming.

CAROLINE S. PARMENTER
  14th Evac. Hospital, Chabua and Seagrave Hospital Unit, Myitkyina, Burma.

DOLORES B. PERRY
  234th General Hospital

PHYLLIS R. PETERSON
  48th Evac. Hospital

ANNA THUR PHILLIPS
  20th General Hospital

BETTY L. (HEUTHER) PILLAR
  I arrived in Karachi by air on September 10th, 1944. My group of 6 nurses was sent to Ledo, where we were attached to the 48th Evacuation Hospital for the duration. In mid-October, our unit moved to Myitkyina. Our hospital site was located on the east side of the Irrawaddy River. Our Chief Nurse was Captain Matilda Dykstra of the original Providence Rhode Island Hospital unit. While here, I served as a surgical nurse. On V-Day in August, our unit was immediately declared excess. We replacements were reassigned to the 18th General Hospital and came home with them on the Gen. Richardson, arriving in time for Thanksgiving, 1945.

HELEN CLARK PLEINES
  Tezpur, Assam (unknown unit)

FLORENCE C. POLCE
  181st General Hospital

LT. COL. PAULINE H. PRICE
  I realized early childhood ambition when I was inducted into the Army Nurse Corps in April, 1942. In May 1943 I arrived in India aboard the SS Monticello and was stationed in Assam, India at the 20th General Hospital. I returned to the U.S. in June 1945 and was assigned to Valley Forge General Hospital. Later I was transferred to Rodriquez Army Hospital in Puerto Rico in 1946 and in 1948 was assigned to Wright-Patterson AFB where I remained until my retirement in 1965.

JOSEPHINE A. PRICHARD
  172nd General Hospital

DOROTHY V. PRIOR
  20th General Hospital

BETTIE J. REED
  172nd General Hospital

JEANNE BAYNE REITZ
  234th General Hospital

GLADYS WOLF RICHARDS
  69th General Hospital and later 143rd General Hospital, Calcutta.

MAJOR GERALDINE SMITH RICHARDSON
  I sailed aboard the SS Brazil on March, 1942 with the 159th Station Hospital located on the Malir Desert near Karachi. Had temporary duty with the 97th Station Hospital at Agra and the 178th Station Hospital at Ramgarh, India. After returning from India, I served 2 tours in Germany, 1 in Japan and duty in seven states before retiring in 1961 at the 11th Field Hospital in Augsburg, Germany.

NORA G. RICHARDSON
  172nd General Hospital

IRENE B. RIEDER
  20th General Hospital

JANET E. (CONKLIN) ROGERS
  I was in the Army Nurse Corps with the 159th Station Hospital and the 181st General Hospital in Karachi, India.

DOROTHY A. ROOT
  120th and 142nd General Hospitals

DEPHANE JENSEN ROSE
  172nd General Hospital

IRENE L. ROUND
  172nd General Hospital

MARIAN DANNIS SANFORD
  44th Field Hospital

MARGARET G. SCHMERTZ
  498th Hosp. Ship Platoon.

GERALDINE E. SCHMIT
  172nd General Hospital

SYLVIA J. SCHRAM
  142nd General Hospital

ELSIE G. SCOTT
  14th Evac. Hospital

ELSIE CHIN SEETOO
  I was commisioned in the Army Nurse Corps in Kunming in June of 1944 and assigned to the 95th Station Hospital. Detached to Chengtu for 5 months in 1945. Promoted to First Lieutenant in September 1945. When the 95th Station Hospital was due to return to the U.S. in October, I was transferred to the 172nd General Hospital for further duty in Shanghai. Returned to the U.S. in February 1946, and discharged in May.
  Prior to my Army service, I was a Chinese Red Cross Medical Relief Corps nursing instructor serving with the Chinese Army in Ramgarh, training medical orderlies. Met First Lieutenant Matilda Dykstra, then chief nurse of the 22nd Field Hospital there. She recruited me to cover two wards of sick Chinese Army soldiers for 4-6 weeks until I was ordered back to Kunming. Being bilingual, I understood the difficulties many of my Army nurse cohorts had at the time.

JEAN PARKS SEIDEL
  73rd Evac. Hospital, Ledo, Assam.

DOROTHY W. SHEPHERD
  18th and 20th General Hospitals

MAUDE INEZ SHERRILL
  111th General Hospital

DOROTHRY L. SIBERT
  172nd General Hospital

BEATRICE SKARUPA
  22nd Field Hospital

PAULINE J. SKOVIRA
  172nd General Hospital

Mrs. CHARLES A. SLOTT
  20th General Hospital

CATHERINE E. SINCLITICO
  73rd Evac. Hospital, 20th General Hospital.

MARJORIE J. SMAIL
  234th General Hospital

HANNAH A. SMITH
  172nd General Hospital

HERMA SMITH
  172nd General Hospital

DELORES (HAZELWOOD) SMOCZYNSKI
  Joined the Army Nurse Corps in May 1943 and was assigned to the 25th Field Hospital. Sailed on the George Washington to Bombay, India. While there I married Norman Smoczyski. I was in Ledo, Assam and then sent to Shingbwiyang, Burma attached to the N.C.A.C. with stations in Ledo, Shingbwiyang and Myitikinia, Muse Warazup and Lashio. I returned home in 1945.

ANNE SOSH
  172nd General Hospital

ELSIE M. SOURS, MAJOR USAF
  Graduated from the University of Pa. Hospital and did private duty nursing until joining the 20th General Hospital in 1942 which was activated at Camp Claiborn, La. in May 1942. Left Wilmington Ca. January 1943 on the U.S.S. Monticello and arrived in Bombay, India in February and arrived at our hospital in Margherita, India March 1943. I returned to the states July 1945 and remained in the service. In 1949 I transferred to the Air Force and in 1952 joined the 3rd Hospital Group and was stationed in England until 1954, and retired in June 1962.

MARGARET I. SPAHR
  112th Station and 263rd General Hospitals

ANGELINE SPEACHT
  20th General Hospital

RUTH I. (LEE) SPITZ
  172nd General Hospital

BETTY LANDIS SPYCHALSKI
  I was commissioned in the Army Nurse Corps April 1942 as a Second Lieutenant. Left the U.S. in January 1943 aboard the SS Monticello and reported for duty at Base Section No. 3 in CBI 1943 and served 31 months with the 20th General Hospital. I was discharged as First Lieutenant, September 1945.

VIRGINIA M. SQUIRE
  594th Med. and 181st General Hospitals

KATHRYN (KORDISH) STEVENS
  142nd General Hospital

MILDRED E. STODDARD
  111th Station and 181st General Hospitals

GERTRUDE STUESSER
  100th Station Hospital

HELEN MARIO SVORIDA
  172nd General Hospital

DOROTHY M. TAYOR
  172nd General Hospital

EMMA CATHERINE BURCH TERRELL
  Chief Nurse, 18th General Hospital, Ledo and Myitkyina.

FRANCES C. THURLOUGH
  12th Station and 263rd General Hospitals

DOROTHY LOUISE TILLY
  172nd General Hospital

IRENE SYBLE TREWEEK
  172nd General Hospital

BERTHA URENSON
  Served as a graduate nurse with the 172nd Field Hospital.

AMY RUTH VANDERWOODIE
  172nd General Hospital

MILDRED "MIMI" VRABEL
  72nd Field Hospital.

TWYLA APPELGATE WAGAMAN
  20th General Hospital, Chabua; 14th Evac. Hospital, Ledo; 142nd General Hospital, Calcutta.

GRACE ANNA WEIDMAN
  I entered Army Nurse Corps March 1941 and left the states in 1942 on the U.S.S. Brazil with the 159th Station Hospital, landing in Karachi. I was also with the 181st General Hospital and the 178th Station Hospital. I was discharged in December 1945.

EVELYN E. WEIGOLD
  (see Evelyn W. Crane)

MARY HELEN WHEELER
  172nd General Hospital

KATHLEEN MERRILL WIEBEN
  Surgical Nurse, 69th General Hospital.

JAYNE D. WIGGINS
  142nd General Hospital

ZERYLE TASE WILCOX
  73rd Evac. Hospital, Shingbwiyang; 25th Field Hospital, Lashio; 172nd General Hospital, Kunming.

MARIAN TEPEL WILSON
  20th General Hospital.

C. GRACE HUGHES WILLISON
  181st General Hospital

ELEANOR WINGFIELD
  172nd General Hospital

LT. COL. LEONA R., WOLF
  I was inducted into the Army Nurse Corps in January 1945 and arrived at Myitkyina, Burma via a MATS flight in February. I was stationed at the 48th Evac. Hospital, the 18th General Hospital and the 20th General Hospital and then the 181st General Hospital. I returned to the U.S. in February 1946. While in active reserves, I was recalled during the Korean conflict and remained n active duty until retirement as a Lt. Colonel in August 1969.

MARY B. WOOD
  20th General Hospital

MARIE SCHERMANN WOOD
  20th General Hospital

ETHEL G. YAVORSKY
  I was inducted into the Army Nurse Corps in May 1941. In March I sailed from Charleston aboard the SS Brazil and arrived in Karachi, India in May 1942. My overseas assignments include the 159th Station Hospital and the 181st General Hospital Karachi and the S.O.S. Hospital in Chakulia, India. I returned to the U. S. in October 1944. From March 1953 to March 1955 I served with the Army Nurse Corps in Japan.

AVIS L. ZIEGLER
  20th General Hospital



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Moon Over Burma depicts a Portable Surgical Hospital operating at night in the Burmese jungle.   FOR MORE CLICK HERE







This page is dedicated to my wife and favorite nurse, Christine M. Weidenburner.

Information provided by Tom Miller, Wendall Phillips and Gary Goldblatt.

Additional hospital and nurse information provided by veterans and friends of CBI.


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